TOEIC GRAMMAR: Topic 3- Nouns

WHAT IS NOUN ?

A Noun is a word that refers to a person, a thing, an animal, a place, a quality, or an activity

TYPES OF NOUNS

Types of nouns

FORMS OF NOUNS

Form of Nouns

Words ending in such suffixes as -Ion , -sion, -tion, -ness, -ance, -ence, -ment, -ity are usually nouns

COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

  • Countable nouns refer to people or things that can be counted
    • Desk , house , teacher…
    • They are designers
  • Uncountable nouns refer to people and things that can not be counted
    • Ex : love, air..  
    • Ms. Parker comes from Canada

How to distinguish between singular and plural noun

  • When talking about just one person, animal, place or thing, we use singular countable nouns.
  • When talking about two or more people, animals, places and things, we have to make countable nouns plural.
  • Plural nouns usually end in –s
  • Ex
    • Singular : Document
    • Plural : Documents

SPECIAL CASES OF PLURAL NOUN

Special cases of plural noun

POSITION OF NOUN

Nouns can be : Objects, Subjects, Complements of Sentences

  • Subject
    • The location /is ideal/ for the office
  • Object
    • We /had/ a discussion/ about the news
  • Complement
    • Mr.Manning / is / a journalist

Note: Verbs and adjectives cannot come in where nouns should be.

Nouns basically follow articles, possessives, or adjectives

  • After an article
    • Mr. Cooper/ is the host/ of today’s seminar.
  • After a possessive
    • She / accepted / my advice
  • After an adjective
    • Our firm / underwent / remarkable changes

IDENTIFYING COUTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

Some countable noun may look like uncountable nouns and vice versa

  • Bulk purchases/ are eligible / for a discount
  • The technician / repairs / broken equipment

NUMERIC EXPRESSIONS BEFORE NOUNS

Numeric expressions before Nouns

Below are some numeric expressions that can come before countable and uncountable nouns

  • There were many people at the festival
  • This copier causes less trouble than the old one

Numeric expression before singular and plural countable nouns

Different numeric expression can come before singular and plural countable nouns

  • Factory workers checked each item
  • This museum has many exhibits

LET’S PRACTICE : NOUNS

1. Our company strengthened ________ by hiring more guards

 
 

2. The _____ of the IT market was larger than expected. 

 
 

3. Oil company earned _______ during the recent quarter.

 
 

4. It is an __________ to have experience in a related feild.

 
 

5. The supervisor will examine her ________. 

 
 

6. The movie drew widespread _______

 
 

7. This is a ___________ of recent comments from our product users.

 
 
 
 

8. Intervewees normally have a fear of ______.

 

 
 
 
 

9. The book was released after it got final ____of the author.

 
 
 
 

10. Once the _________ of the parking lot is completed, visitors will have no problem parking their cars.

 
 
 
 

11. Diana obtained ___________ to classified files.

 
 

12. The supplier has many different models of _____________.

 
 

13. Mr.Anderson has received some ________ from his co-workers.

 

 
 

14. Jennifer will stay in Hong Kong for _________ to hire more engineers

 
 

15. He complained to the airline officials about his lost ____________.

 
 

16. The partners failed to reach __________ .

 
 

17. This article will discuss the ________ of the new commercial law.

 
 
 
 

18. The director has asked us to send monthly _______ to Ms.Shriver in the finance department.

 
 
 
 

19. If you have questions regarding your purchase, please provide our staff with the relevant ______.

 
 
 
 

20. _____________of labor union met with management to discuss the contract for the next year.

 
 
 
 

21. The committee interviewed one of the _________ this morning.

 
 

22. __________ calculators were fonund to be defective.

 
 

23. _______ saff members will attend the seminar tomorrow.

 
 

24. The policy change caused _____ debate.

 
 

25. Recent studies have found that there are a number of __________ why customers prefer placing orders online.

 
 
 
 

26. ________ franchises comply with strict rules on structure and operations.

 
 
 
 

27. Question 27 and 28 refer to the following memorandum

From : Tom Klein, training Manager

To : All employees

I would like to remind you about the training program you are scheduled to take. you will be asked to assess the trainer’s (27) _______ at the end of the program and submit a report to the department . Also,(28) ________employees who have good attendance records will receive certificates for completing the program.

 
 
 
 

28. From : Tom Klein, training Manager

To : All employees

I would like to remind you about the training program you are scheduled to take. you will be asked to assess the trainer’s (27) _______ at the end of the program and submit a report to the department . Also,(28) ________employees who have good attendance records will receive certificates for completing the program.

 
 
 
 

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