Object, Complement, and Modifier

BASIC GRAMMAR FOR TOEIC TEST – Ngữ pháp cơ bản Toeic Test

What is an object? What is a complement?

I like teachers.

She has become a teacher.

In the sentence I like teachers, “teachers” is the people that I like. The part of the sentence that completes the verb is called an object.

In the sentence, She has become a teacher, the phrase “a teacher” gives information about the subject She. The part of the sentence that clarifies the subject is called a complement.

What is a modifier ?

We met our teacher on Sunday

In the sentence ” We met our teacher on Sunday”, ” on Sunday” modifies the whole sentence “We met our teacher”. Without “on Sunday”, the sentence is still meaningful. The part of the sentence that is not very important and modifies the whole sentence is called a modifier.

Where is an object?

An object can follow its verb

Ex : I / run/ a company

–> A company : Object

Where is an complement?

There are two kinds of complement; each of them has a different positioning a sentence.

  • A subject complement modifying the subject comes after the main verb.
  • An object complement modifying the object follows the object
    • EX
      • She / is / a secretary –> ” a secretary = subject complement
      • The news / made / workers / happy –> Workers = object / happy = object complement

Where is an modifier?

Modifiers can stand at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a sentence.

A sentence may have more than one modifier

[These days], Mr.Smith is busy

These days = Modifier

We attended the workshop [last week]

Last week = Modifier

[Of all the speakers], He is the best [that I have seen]

Of all the speakers and that i have seen = modifier

POSSIBLE OBJECT

A noun, pronoun, gerund (v-ing), to-infinitive, and noun clause can function as the object of a verb.

Noun:

The company / opened / a branch.

Pronoun:

Mr. Hoppkins/ does not know / her.

Gerund:

I / finished/preparing my presentation.

To-infinitive:

The manager/ wants / to see my results.

Noun clause:

He/ asked / that we updated our computer.

POSSIBLE COMPLEMENT

A noun, gerund (v-ing), to-infinitive, and noun clause can function as a complement. An adjective can also be a complement.

Noun:

Kevin / is / an accountant

Subject complement

The board / appointed/ Mr.Walsh/ executive

Object complement

Gerund:

Her interest/ was / cutting production costs.

Subject complement

To-infinitive

Our goal/ is / to expand our business

Subject complement

Noun clause:

The problem/ is/ that I do not have time/

Subject complement

Adjective :

The software / is/ reliable

Subject complement

The guest/ found/ our hotel / comfortable

object complement

LES’T PRACTICE ^^

Please enter your email:

1. Airplane tickets are not ___________ to other individuals.

 
 

2. Economic experts met to analyze the impact of higher interest rates.

 
 

3. Customers seeking refunds should present a receipt.

 
 
 

4. Our team can design the __________ according to customer’s requirements.

 
 
 
 

5. PRESS CONFERENCE ON BARKLEY -MILLER MERGER

The Barkley Software Company will hold a press conference to announce its merger with Miller Associates. Barkley Software has developed an innovative (27)________ to restructure the two companies. It will be (28)_______ because it will increase product output and employee creativity.

 
 
 
 

6. It was Mr. Downes who was involved in stealing funds.

 
 
 

7. We signed an __________ with a foreign company.

 
 

8. State goverments and local citizens are __________ in developing and financing educational programs

 
 
 
 

9. It was a great __________ that you are not hired for the position.

 
 
 
 

10. Researchers found the recycling system ___________ in reducing garbage.

 
 
 
 

11. Jack is a ________ in the computer business.

 
 

12. A  broadband connection offers the ________ of immediate access to the internet.

 
 
 
 

13. WHICH ONE IS MODIFIER IN THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES

Despite the bad weather, the event is continuing.

 
 
 

14. Tenants cannot  renovate their homes without the approval of owner.

 
 
 
 

15. Many young customers prefer ______ online.

 
 

16. Mr.Kato considered ______________ a campaign to promote a new PDA.

 
 

17. The labor union demanded the _____________ of the president.

 
 

18. We consider Ms.Elson a qualified _________.

 
 

19. The proper _______ of equipment will prevent injuries.

 
 
 
 

20. Flyaway Service guarantees _______ in three days.

 
 

21. The new building are ___________ with high cellings.

 
 

22. It is ____________ to obtain a second opinion if you plan to invest.

 
 

23. He report the _________ to the administrator.

 
 

24. Ney LCD screens made the enterprise _______.

 
 

25. Steven Williams was a market _______ when he worked for KMN, INC

 
 
 
 

26. PRESS CONFERENCE ON BARKLEY -MILLER MERGER

The Barkley Software Company will hold a press conference to announce its merger with Miller Associates. Barkley Software has developed an innovative (27)________ to restructure the two companies. It will be (28)_______ because it will increase product output and employee creativity.

 
 
 
 

27. Because of a technical problem, we postponed the performance.

 
 
 

28. Mr.Hormby did not notice any _______ between the two brands of camera.

 
 
 
 

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